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Molar Tooth (Molarul): Types of Molars, Anatomy, Function , Location, Importance, Treatment and How to Keep Molars Healthy


Molars are an essential part of our dental cavity which is playing a crucial role in chewing and grinding of food for digestion. In order to understand the structure and function of molars, it is vital for maintaining oral health and preventing dental issues.

What is a Molar Tooth?

Molars, commonly referred to as “molarul,” are large, flat teeth located at the back of the mouth. They are designed in such a way for grinding, chewing food and making them helpful in digestion.

Types of Molars

First Molars

These are the first set of permanent molars that typically erupt around the age of six. First Molars play a vital role in the development of the dental arch.

Second Molars

Second molars appear behind the first molars and are crucial for efficient chewing. They usually erupt between the ages of eleven and thirteen.

Third Molars (Wisdom Teeth)

Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last set of molars to emerge, usually in late adolescence or early adulthood.

Anatomy of a Molar

Molars consist of several distinct parts:


The crown is the visible part of the tooth above the gumline. It is covered with enamel which is the hardest substance in the human body, which protects the tooth from decay and damage.


Molars typically have two or three roots that anchor them securely into the jawbone. These are helpful in providing stability and support to the tooth during chewing of food.


Enamel is the outermost layer of the tooth crown. It is highly mineralized and acts as a protective barrier against bacteria and acids which can cause decay.


Beneath the enamel lies the dentin, a yellowish tissue that makes up the bulk of the tooth structure. Dentin is not as hard as enamel but still provides significant support.


The pulp chamber is located at the center of the tooth and contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue.

Function of Molars

Molars are primarily responsible for grinding and crushing food into smaller particles, making it easier to swallow and digest. They work in conjunction with other teeth to break down food efficiently.

Location of Molars in the Mouth

Molars are situated at the back of the mouth, behind the premolars and canines. They allows them to exert maximum force when chewing a food.

Number of Roots in Molars

First and second molars typically have two or three roots, while third molars (wisdom teeth) may have one, two, or even three roots, depending on their position and orientation.

Development of Molars

Molars begin to form during early childhood, with primary molars appearing first and permanent molars replacing them later.

Common Issues with Molars

Molars are prone to various dental problems, including:


Poor oral hygiene and dietary habits can lead to the formation of cavities, especially in the deep grooves and fissures of molars.

Gum Disease

Gum disease (or periodontitis) can affect the tissues which are surrounding the molars, leading to inflammation, bleeding, and eventual tooth loss if left untreated.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth often become impacted due to lack of space in the jaw or improper eruption angle, causing pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth.

Importance of Molar Care

Proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, is crucial for maintaining the health of molars and preventing dental problems.

How to Keep Molars Healthy

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Use dental floss or interdental brushes to clean between teeth and along the gumline.
  • Limit consumption of sugary and acidic foods and drinks.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and check-ups.

Treatment Options for Molar Problems

Treatment for molar issues may include:

  • Fillings or dental sealants for cavities.
  • Scaling and root planing for gum disease.
  • Extraction or surgical removal of impacted wisdom teeth.
  • Root canal therapy for infected or damaged molars.


  1. What’s a molar tooth?

A molar tooth is a large, flat tooth located at the back of the mouth, responsible for grinding and chewing food.

  1. Where are molars in the mouth?

Molars are situated at the back of the mouth, behind the premolars and canines.

  1. How many roots do molars have?

First and second molars typically have two or three roots, while third molars (wisdom teeth) may have one, two, or even three roots.

  1. How often should I visit the dentist for molar care?

It’s recommended to visit the dentist every six months for regular check-ups and cleanings to maintain optimal molar health.

  1. What can I do if I have impacted wisdom teeth?

If you have impacted wisdom teeth causing pain or discomfort, consult with your dentist to determine the best course of action, which may include extraction or other treatment options.

  1. Which teeth are the molars?

Molars are the large, flat teeth located at the back of the mouth, behind the premolars and canines.

  1. At what age do molar teeth come?

Molar teeth typically begin to emerge during childhood, with the first set of permanent molars erupting around the age of six.

  1. What are the 4 types of teeth?

The four types of teeth are incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.

  1. Is it okay to remove molar teeth?

In some cases, it may be necessary to remove molar teeth, particularly if they are impacted, infected, or causing other dental issues. However, this decision should be made in consultation with a dentist or oral surgeon to ensure the best outcome for oral health.


Molars play a vital role in chewing and digesting food by making them essential for overall health. In order to the anatomy, function, and care of molars is key to maintaining a healthy smile and preventing dental issues.



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